Active Ingredients : allyl isothiocyanate, euginol The purpose of the rat repellent composition is to repel rats, mice only not to injure or kill in most cases. The composition only uses ingredients in compliance with FDA GRAS standards and does not contain any toxic or synthetic pesticides which are harmful to you or the environment. DIRECTIONS FOR USE : Hold container upright and aim nozzle away from yourself to spray at places where rodents and other insects, pests are found. Generally these areas are along walls, by gnawed in or bed side burrows, in corners, concealed & dark places, between floors and walls, and their underground tunnels. It can be sprayed within the attic crawl space, garage, home foundation etc . Re-application is recommended every 3-5 weeks depending upon the severity of the infestation. PRECAUTIONS: Keep out of reach of children, wear gloves & eye protection before application. Avoid getting in eyes or on skin, avoid breathing spray mists, This product is made from plant extracts some individuals maybe sensitive to fragrance or to certain plants. Buyer assumes all responsibility for safety and use not in accordance with label, directions and precautions.