Herman Melville, best known for his masterpiece novel Moby Dick, is a popular American novelist, essayist, short story writer and a poet. Tremendously inspired and encouraged at his early age by Nathaniel Hawthorne who he befriended, Melville started his writing career, though with a little success. His short stories include Billy Budd, White Jacket, Israel Potter, Redburn, Typee, Omoo, Pierre, The Confidence-Man and many others. After the American Civil War, he published Battle Pieces and Aspects of the War, and then the epic length verse-narrative Clarel. When the vogue for sea stories raged among the English readers, he wrote a series of poems with prose head notes—all inspired by his early experiences at sea, and published them in two collections John Marr and Timoleon.\n \nHowever, his Moby Dick or The Whale has been undoubtedly his most famous work and is considered one of the greatest literary works of all time.