Rural women make essential contributions to the rural economy of all developing countries, yet their access to productive resources and employment opportunities remains limited, holding back their capacity to improve their lives and to better contribute to the economic growth, food security and sustainable development of their communities and countries. The main objective of this book is to evolve alternative strategies of rural women empowerment to enable them to participate, as equal citizens, in the economic, political and social sustainable development of the rural society. This book is designed in six chapters that focus on the conceptual analysis and empirical measurement of rural women’s empowerment in South Asian perspectives and its variable in national and regional development. The material of this book is fruitful for researchers, scholars, professionals, teachers and students. The fact and findings which have given in this book is purely authenticated and tested by author.